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What are the recent research topics in network security?

network security

In 2022, it becomes more important than ever to educate and train end-users on network security best practices in the workplace. With digital threats becoming increasingly sophisticated, educating your digital workforce on the best practices of the network security out there is the most effective way to save time and prevent security breaches.

In this article, we have listed the issues to pay attention to. Let us remember that a lot was achieved in 2020, despite difficult circumstances. The most obvious was the adaptation of people and companies to remote work environments. With this in mind, everything in this article has relevance for the coming years and not just for 2022. Let us see:

  1. What security awareness topics should I include?
  2. What are the most important security training topics?
  3. Why is the firewall important to protect us from cyber security attacks?
  4. What to do to prevent and mitigate a cyber-attack?
  5. What cybersecurity trends do we recommend to put into practice?
  6. Why should you start making your employees your strongest line of defense?

1. What security awareness topics should I include?

network security

Most companies spend a great deal of time and money implementing and developing software to protect their network security. Typically, the average IT budget allocated to security runs around 10%. However, the human hardware remains by far the most vulnerable element of any business. That has led companies to operate based on prevention over cure.

Human error causes up to 95% of network security breaches. However, with some simple awareness training, this figure can come down dramatically. Recent estimates suggest that only half of the employees receive training once a year.

From SMEs to large enterprises, the employee is the last line of defense of a company’s network security. It could be called the human firewall. But what aspects of security training have become the most important for your staff?

2. What are the most important security training topics?

Phishing exploits continue to remain the most frequent cause of cybersecurity breaches. Current figures reflect the need for awareness in our employees about phishing attacks. According to research, 91% of successful cyber-attacks are the result of a phishing scam.

Another security awareness topic that occurs daily in companies involves removable media. Removable media refers to portable storage media that allows users to copy data to the device and then remove it from the device and take it to another device and vice versa. USB devices containing malware can become visible to end users when plugged into their devices.

Another issue in cloud computing. It has revolutionized business, security and hosting solutions. These digital applications are transforming businesses. But the fact that large amounts of private data stored remotely carry the risk of large-scale hacks.

Passwords represent a very simple, but often overlooked element. Often, commonly used passwords will get guessed by malicious actors hoping to gain access to accounts. Using simple passwords or having recognizable password patterns for employees can make it easy for cybercriminals to gain access to a wide variety of accounts.

2.1. What other network security issues should I be aware of?

Also worth mentioning is physical security. If you are someone who leaves your passwords on sticky notes on your desk, you may want to throw them away. While many attacks happen through digital means, keeping sensitive physical documents protected remains vital to the integrity of your company’s security system.

The evolving IT landscape has enhanced the capabilities of flexible work environments. With many people now having the option to work on the go using mobile devices, this increased connectivity has brought with it the risk of network security breaches. The advent of malicious mobile apps has increased the risk of cell phones containing malware that could lead to a security breach.

This brings us to the next point. The obvious need for telecommuting, combined with the increase in its use, led many companies to clamp down on full-time work-from-home systems. However, this trend poses a greater threat of security breaches if the risks of telecommuting are not safely educated.

Lastly, we have home security. Unfortunately, the threat from malicious actors does not disappear when leaving the workplace. Many companies allow their employees to use their devices. This represents a huge cost saving and allows for flexible working. However, there certainly exist risks involved with it.

3. Why is the firewall important to protect us from cyber security attacks?

A firewall is one of the recent research topics. A network firewall is a system that can control access to your organization’s network and therefore protects your network. It acts as a filter to block non-legitimate incoming traffic before it can enter your organization’s network and cause damage. Its main purpose is to protect an internal network by separating it from the external network. It is one of the cyber security solutions in Dubai companies.

Packet filters are traditional firewall systems that are based on packet attributes, such as source and destination IP addresses, protocols, and ports associated with individual packets. These attributes determine whether packet traffic or hints should be accessed through the firewall or not.

Stateful inspection firewalls: These firewalls have the additional capability of inspecting packets that belong to an entire session. If a session is perfectly established between two endpoints, it allows communication.

Next-generation firewalls: these are advanced firewalls for your network security with deep inspection capabilities beyond protocol or port blocking and inspection. They include application-level inspection, intelligence, intrusion prevention, and web application firewalls.

3.1 Why does it help to stop attacks at the edge?

A network security firewall controls the flow of data and traffic to or from your network. This data is known as packets, which may or may not contain malicious code to harm your system. During busy days or the peak vacation season, hackers bombard your network with malware, spam, viruses, and other malicious intent.

At this time, your firewall applies a certain set of rules on incoming and outgoing network traffic to examine whether they align with those rules or not. If it coincides, the firewall permits the traffic to flow through. If not, it rejects or blocks the traffic.

In this way, your network remains perfectly safe from any kind of threats, whether internal or external. The firewall is not only for the internet-facing network but also for internal use. Remember, most attacks are initiated internally, so be sure to implement a firewall strategy whenever possible.

3.2 What to make the most of your firewall to protect your data from malicious attacks?

Inspect the firewall coverage: if something has changed in your network lately, do not forget to check all the systems covered by the firewall. Examine whether they are still protected or not to fix things immediately before damage occurs.

Be aware of connected devices: if you or your employees connect a smartphone or any other device to the network, then you need to protect them. To do this, try to install a personal firewall on these devices to protect your data. This will help you with the security of your company.

Isolate your payment system: protect your payment flows by keeping them away from vulnerabilities. To do this, configure your firewall to stop all untrusted data transfers to/from your payment systems. Allow the things that are of utmost necessity for card processing and sales, while prohibiting direct communication between these systems and the internet.

4. What to do to prevent and mitigate a cyber-attack?

network security

This has become one of the most important research topics in network security. There exists no solution that can protect your business from a cyber-attack 100%, and even large companies have experienced this problem due to unknown vulnerabilities in their security systems. However, it remains possible to reduce the risks considerably.

To do so, there exist some measures to take into account, which can support the IT security of your clients, collaborators, and company. There exist several things to take into account to reduce the probability of receiving a cyber-attack.

We also recommend keeping the company’s operating systems and applications in constant development. Most of the updates that we receive, take care of solving the failures in them, among them the security ones, so, by ignoring them, we will be exposing the organization unnecessarily.

4.1 What other things should we take into account to protect ourselves from cyber-attacks?

We recommend having an updated antivirus and antimalware. The objective aims to protect the computers against any malicious files. The best way to protect yourself is to run an antivirus program, pay attention to browser alerts and keep up to date with the latest IT security news for your computers. We must also consider the level of passwords.

When setting passwords use numbers and letters in combination, with uppercase, lowercase, and symbols. Surf securely. Whenever you want to access a web page you should write the address of this web directly in the upper address bar and press enter, in this way, will redirect you automatically to the official website.

One way to identify if the page you visit is safe is the green padlock that appears in the address bar of Google Chrome, which indicates that everything is correct because the website has installed the SSL security certificate. Let us not forget Downloads. At this point, it becomes important to know the sources from which you are trying to download.

Virtual threats can range from the simplest ones, such as downloading a Trojan, to the most sophisticated ones, such as a watering hole attack. The latter take advantage of unknown vulnerabilities to open a breach and attack internal security, resulting in extortion, information theft, and identity theft, among other consequences.  

5. What cybersecurity trends do we recommend to put into practice?

The information you share in cyberspace must remain safe and protected on all fronts and from various types of attackers, so you must have cybersecurity professionals and experts who can adapt in an agile and flexible way to the constant technological changes, to stay steps ahead of cybercriminals.

We recommend cloud-based security. Cloud computing offers services such as servers, storage, databases, networks, software, information analysis, and backups over the Internet; the amount of information, as well as its value, makes it a target of attack. A strategy to detect and mitigate a cyberattack. While taking actions to prevent virtual threats is valuable, a strategy that focuses on detection, response, and remediation generate better results for companies.

Protection of personal data. Companies should also take into account their cybersecurity strategies to protect the data of their customers and partners, as well as that of their employees. Something that cyber security services Dubai implements well.

The Blockchain should also take it into account, for authentication and access functions. Blockchain being a cryptocurrency company, however, it can be used for authentication and access functions, thereby detecting suspicious behavior and isolating the connection to restrict potential threats.

6. Why should you start making your employees your strongest line of defense?

On Connect Tech, we believe that human risk management enables companies to reduce user-related security incidents. It also allows you to create a cyber-resilient workforce and achieve compliance standards through automated user training programs.

Our recommendation involves creating a strategy that analyzes, reduces, and monitors human cyber risk through risk-based security awareness training programs, the use of simulated phishing campaigns, simplified policy management, and continuous monitoring of dark web breaches, all from a single platform.

Want to know more about the topics shown here and how you can protect your company from cyber-attacks? Then you can contact us at Connect Tech for more information. You can reach us by calling +971 43 316 688 or emailing contact@connectech.dev.

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